Claar D, Faiad SM, Mastick NC, Welicky RL, Williams MA, Sasser KT, Weber JN, and Wood CL. In press. Estimating the magnitude and sensitivity of energy fluxes for stickleback hosts and Schistocephalus solidus parasites using the metabolic theory of ecology. Ecology and Evolution.

Mastick NC, Fiorenza EA, and Wood CL. In press. Meta-analysis suggests that, for marine mammals, the risk of parasitism by anisakid nematodes changed between 1978 and 2015. Ecosphere.

Martinelli JC, Considine M, Casendino H, Tarpey CM, Jimenez-Hidalgo I, Padilla-Gamino JL, King TL, HauserL, Rumrill S, and Wood CL. In press. Infestation of cultivated Pacific oysters by shell-boring polychaetes along the US West Coast: Prevalence is associated with season, culture method, and pH. Aquaculture.

Faiad SM, Williams MA, Olden JD, Sokolow S, De Leo G, Mitchell K, Andriantsoa R, Jones JPG, Andriamaro L, Ravoniarimbinina P, Rasamy J, Ravelomanana T, Ravelotafita S, Ravo R, Rabinowitz P, and Wood CL. 2023. Temperature affects predation of schistosome-competent snails by a novel invader, the marbled crayfish Procambarus virginalis. PLoS One 18: e0290615. [pdf]

French BJ, Zgliczynski BJ, Bonito L, Sullivan C, Wood CL, Haupt AJ, Siu G, Taiarui M, Planes S, and Sandin SA. In press. Length–weight relationships for abundant coral reef fish species from eight islands in French Polynesia. Cybium

Casendino H, McElroy K, Sorel M, Quinn T, and Wood CL. In press. Two decades of change in sea star abundance at a subtidal site in Puget Sound, Washington. PLoS One 18: e0286384. [pdf]

Wood CL, Welicky RL, Preisser WC, Leslie KL, Mastick N, Greene C, Maslenikov KP, Tornabene L, Kinsella JM, and Essington TE. 2023. A reconstruction of parasite burden reveals one century of climate-associated parasite decline. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 120: e2211903120.  [pdf]

Welicky RL, Feddern ML, Rolfe T, Leazer K, Moosmiller A, Fiorenza E, Maslenikov K, Tornabene L, Holtgrieve G, and Wood CL. 2023. Reconstructing trophic position over the past century for five Puget Sound fish species. Marine Ecology Progress Series 706: 1–15. [pdf]

Fearon ML, Wood CL, and Tibbetts EA. 2023. Habitat quality influences pollinator pathogen prevalence through both habitat–disease and biodiversity–disease pathways. Ecology 104: e3933. [pdf]

Wood CL and Vanhove MPM. 2023. Is the world wormier than it used to be? We’ll never know without natural history collections. Journal of Animal Ecology 92: 250–62. [pdf]

Wood CL, Leslie KL, Claar D, Mastick N, Preisser WC, Vanhove MPM, and Welicky R. 2023. How to use natural history collections to resurrect information on historical parasite abundances. Journal of Helminthology 97: 1–13. [pdf]

Halpern BS, Boettiger C, Dietze MC, Gephart JA, Gonzalez P, Grimm NB, Groffman PM, Gurevitch J, Hobbie SE, Komatsu KJ, Kroeker KJ, Lahr HJ, Lodge DM, Lortie CJ, Lowndes JSS, Micheli F, Possingham HP, Ruckelshaus MH, Scarborough C, Wood CL, Wu GC, and [all other authors listed alphabetically]. 2023. Priorities for synthesis in ecology and environmental science. Ecosphere 14: e4342. [pdf]

Sokolow SH, Nova N, Jones IJ, Wood CL, Lafferty KD, Garchitorena A, Hopkins SR, Lund A, MacDonald A, LeBoa C, Peel AJ, Mordecai EA, Chamberlin A, Howard M, Buck JC, Lopez-Carr D, Barry M, Bonds M, and DeLeo G. 2022. Ecological and socioeconomic factors associated with the human burden of environmentally mediated pathogens: a global analysis. Lancet Planetary Health 6: E870–E879. [pdf]

Hopkins SR, Lafferty KD, Wood CL, Olson SH, Buck JC, Childs M, De Leo GA, Fornberg J, Garchitorena A, Howard M, Jones I, Kuris AM, Kwong L, LeBoa C, Leon AE, Lund AJ, MacDonald AJ, Metz D, Nova N, Peel AJ, Remais J, Stewart Merrill T, Wilson M, Bonds M, Dobson A, Fiorella KJ, Mandle L, and Sokolow S. 2022. Evidence gaps and diversity among potential win–win solutions for conservation and human infectious disease control. Lancet Planetary Health 6: E694–E705. [pdf]

Martinelli JC, Casendino HR, Spencer LH, Alma L, King TL, Padilla-Gamiño JL, and Wood CL. 2022.Evaluating treatments for shell-boring polychaete (Annelida: Spionidae) infestations of Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas) in the US Pacific Northwest. Aquaculture 561: 738639. [pdf]

Preisser WC, Welicky RL, Leslie KL, Mastick N, Fiorenza EA, Maslenikov KP, Tornabene L, Kinsella JM, and Wood CL. 2022. Parasite communities in English Sole (Parophrys vetulus) have changed in composition but not richness in the Salish Sea, Washington, USA since 1930. Parasitology 149: 786-798. [pdf]

Ozetrich R, Wood CL, Allan F, Koumi AR, Norman R, DeLeo G, and Little D. 2022. The potential for aquaculture to control schistosomiasis and reduce poverty in sub-Saharan Africa even as climate change proceeds: A systematic review. Reviews in Fisheries Science and Aquaculture 30: 467–497. [pdf]

Ro H, Fowler AE, Wood CL, and Blakeslee AMH. 2022. Trematode parasites have minimal effect on the behavior of invasive green crabs. Aquatic Invasions 17: 238-258. [pdf]

Williams M, Faiad S, Claar D, French B, Leslie K, Oven E, Guerra AS, Micheli F, Zgliczynski B, Haupt A, Sandin S, and Wood CL. 2022. Life history mediates the association between parasite abundance and geographic features. Journal of Animal Ecology 91: 996-1009. [pdf]

Liu ZYC, Chamberlin AJ, Tallam K, Jones IJ, Lamore LL, Bauer J, Bresciani M, Wolfe CM, Casagrandi R, Mari L, Gatto M, Diongue AK, Toure L, Rohr J, Riveau G, Jouanard N, Wood CL, Sokolow SH, Mandle L, Daily G, Lambin EF, and De Leo GA. 2022. Deep learning segmentation of satellite imagery identifies aquatic vegetation associated with snail intermediate hosts of schistosomiasis in Senegal, Africa. Remote Sensing 14: 1345. [pdf]

Wood CL, Leslie KL, Greene A, Lam LS, Basnett B, Hamilton SL, and Samhouri JF. 2021. The weaker sex: Male lingcod (Ophiodon elongatus) with blue color polymorphism are more burdened by parasites than are other sex–color combinations. PLoS One 16: e0261202. [pdf]

Jones IJ, Sokolow SH, Chamberlin AJ, Lund AJ, Jouanard N, Bandagny L, Ndione R, Senghor S, Schacht A-M, Riveau G, Hopkins SR, Rohr JR, Remais JV, Lafferty KD, Kuris AM, Wood CL, and De Leo GA. 2021. Schistosomiasis in Senegal is associated with different spatial extents of risk and ecological drivers for S. haematobium and S. mansoni. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 15: e 0009712. [pdf]

Lund AJ, Sokolow SH, Jones IJ, Wood CL, Ali S, Chamberlin AJ, Sy AB, Sam MM, Jouanard D, Schacht A-M, Senghor S, Fall A, Ndione R, Riveau G, De Leo GA, and Lopez-Carr D. 2021. Exposure, hazard and vulnerability all contribute to Schistosoma haematobium re-infection in northern Senegal. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 15: e0009806. [pdf]

Welicky R, Preisser W, Leslie K, Mastick N, Fiorenza E, Maslenikov K, Tornabene L, Kinsella M, and Wood CL. 2021. Parasites of the past: Ninety years of change in parasitism for English Sole. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 19: 470-477. [pdf]

Quinn J, Lee SC, Greeley D, Gehman A, Kuris AM, and Wood CL. 2021. Long-term change in the parasite burden of shore crabs (Hemigrapsus oregonensis and H. nudus) on the northwestern Pacific coast of North America. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 288: 20203036. [pdf]

Claar DC, Kuris A, Leslie KL, Welicky RL, Williams M, and Wood CL. 2021. Parasite biodiversity: A peer-reviewed, open-access module for teaching and learning. Produced in collaboration with the American Museum of Natural History’s Network of Conservation Educators and Practitioners. Lessons in Conservation 11: 39-57. Available from

Spencer LH, Martinelli JC, King TL, Crim R, Blake B, Lopes HM, and Wood CL. 2021. The risks of shell-boring polychaetes to shellfish aquaculture in Washington, USA: A mini-review to inform mitigation actions. Aquaculture Research 52: 438-455. [pdf]

Welicky R, Rolfe F, Leazer K, Maslenikov K, Tornabene L, Holtgrieve G, and Wood CL. 2021. Fluid-preserved fishes are one solution for assessing historical change in fish trophic level. Ecology and Evolution 11: 415-426. [pdf]

Hopkins SR, Sokolow SH, De Leo GA, Buck JC, Jones I, Kwong L, LeBoa C, Lund AJ, MacDonald AJ, Nova N, Olson SH, Peel AJ, Wood CL, and Lafferty KD. 2021. How to identify win–win interventions that benefit human health and conservation. Nature Sustainability 4: 298-304. [pdf]

Chamberlin AJ, Jones IJ, Lund AJ, Jouanard N, Riveau G, Ndione R, Sokolow SH, Wood CL, Lafferty KD, De Leo GA. 2020. Visualization of schistosomiasis snail habitat using light unmanned aerial vehicles. Geospatial Health 15. [pdf]

Carlson CJ, Hopkins S, Bell KC, Doña J, Godfrey SS, Kwak ML, Lafferty KD, Moir ML, Speer KA, Strona G, Torchin M, and Wood CL. 2020. A global parasite conservation plan. Biological Conservation 250: 108596. [pdf]

Haggerty CJE, Bakhoum S, Civitello DJ, De Leo GA, Jouanard N, Ndione RA, Remais JV, Riveau G, Senghor S, Sokolow SH, Souleymane SOW, Wolfe C, Wood CL, Jones I, Chamberlin A, and Rohr JR. 2020. Aquatic macrophytes and macroinvertebrate predators affect densities of schistosome cercariae, the parasitic life stage causing human schistosomiasis. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 14: e0008417. [pdf]

Fiorenza EA, Leslie KL, Torchin ME, Maslenikov KP, Tornabene L, and Wood CL. 2020. Fluid preservation causes minimal reduction of parasite detectability in fish specimens: A new approach for reconstructing parasite communities of the past. Ecology and Evolution 10: 6449–6460. [pdf]

Claar DC and Wood CL. 2020. Pulse heat stress and parasitism in a warming world. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 35: 704-715. [pdf]

Wood CL, Summerside M, and Johnson PTJ. 2020. How host diversity and abundance affect parasite infections: Results from a whole-ecosystem manipulation of bird activity. Biological Conservation 248: 108683. [pdf]

Fiorenza EA, Wendt CA, Dobkowski KA, King TL, Pappaionou M, Rabinowitz P, Samhouri JF, and Wood CL. 2020. It’s a wormy world: Meta-analysis reveals long-term change in the global abundance of parasitic anisakid nematodes in fishes and invertebrates. Global Change Biology 26: 2854-2866. [pdf]

Martinelli JC, Lopes HM, Hauser L, Jimenez-Hidalgo I, King TL, Padilla-Gamiño JL, Rawson P, Spencer LH, Williams J, and Wood CL. 2020. Confirmation of the shell-boring oyster parasite Polydora websteri (Polychaeta: Spionidae) in Washington State, USA. Scientific Reports 10: 3961. [pdf]

Rohr JR, Civitello DJ, Halliday FW, Hudson PJ, Lafferty KD, Wood CL, and Mordecai EA. 2020. Towards common ground in the biodiversity–disease debate. Nature Ecology and Evolution 4: 24–33. [pdf]

Wood CL, Sokolow S, Jones I, Chamberlin A, Lafferty KD, Kuris AM, Jocque M, Hopkins S, Adams G, Buck JC, Lund A, Garcia-Vedrenne AE, Fiorenza E, Rohr JR, Allan F, Webster B, Rabone M, Webster JP, Bandagny L, Ndione R, Senghor S, Schacht A-M, Jouanard N, Riveau G, and De Leo G. 2019. Precision mapping of snail habitat provides a powerful indicator of human schistosomiasis transmission. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 116: 23182-91. [pdf]

Wood CL, Summerside M, and Johnson PTJ. 2019. An effective method for ecosystem-scale manipulation of bird abundance and diversity. Ecology and Evolution 9: 9748-58. [pdf]

Hoover CM, Sokolow SH, Kemp J, Sanchirico JN, Lund AJ, Jones I, Higginson T, Riveau G, Savaya-Alkalay A, Coyle S, Wood CL, Micheli F, Casagrandi R, Mari L, Gatto M, Rinaldo A, Perez-Saez J, Rohr JR, Sagi A, Remais JV, and De Leo GA. 2019. Modelled effects of prawn aquaculture on poverty alleviation and schistosomiasis control. Nature Sustainability 2: 611-20. [pdf]

Lopes HM, Martinelli JC, Hauser L, Jimenez-Hidalgo I, King TL, Padilla-Gamiño JL, Rawson P, Spencer LH, Williams J, and Wood CL. 2019. Confirmation of the shell-boring oyster parasite Polydora websteri (Polychaeta: Spionidae) in Washington State, USA. PeerJ Preprints 7: e27621v1.

Harmon A, Littlewood DTJ, and Wood CL. 2019. Parasites lost: Using natural history collections to track disease change across deep time. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 17: 157-66. pdf

Catalano S, Nadler SA, Fall CB, Marsh KJ, Léger E, Sène M, Priestnall SL, Wood CL, Diouf ND, Bâ K, and Webster JP. Plagiorchis sp. in small mammals of Senegal and the potential emergence of a zoonotic trematodiasis. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife 8: 164-70. pdf

Arostegui MC, Wood CL, Jones IJ, Chamberlin A, Jouanard N, Faye DS, Kuris AM, Riveau G, De Leo GA, and Sokolow SH. 2019. Potential biological control of schistosomiasis by fishes in the lower Senegal River basin. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 100: 117-26. pdf

Hewitt TL, Wood CL, and Ó Foighil D. 2019. Ecological correlates and phylogenetic signal of host use in North American unionid mussels. International Journal for Parasitology 49: 71-81. pdf

Howard I, Davis E, Lippert G, Quinn TP, and Wood CL. 2019. Evidence from museum specimens confirms historical data: Abundance of an economically important nematode parasite increased in Puget Sound between 1930 and 2016. Journal of Applied Ecology 56: 190-200. pdf

Wood CL, Zgliczynski BJ, Haupt AJ, Guerra AS*, Micheli F, and Sandin SA. 2018. Human impacts decouple a fundamental ecological relationship – the positive association between host diversity and parasite diversity. Global Change Biology 24: 3666-3679. pdf

Sokolow SH, Wood CL, Jones IJ, Lafferty KD, Kuris A, Hsieh MH, and DeLeo G. 2018. To reduce the global burden of human schistosomiasis, use “old-fashioned” snail control. Trends in Parasitology 34: 23-40pdf

Wood CL, McInturff A, Young HS, Kim DH, and Lafferty KD. 2017. Human infectious disease burdens decrease with urbanization but not with biodiversity. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 372: 20160117. pdf

Sokolow SH, Jones IJ, Jocque M, La D, Cords O, Knight A, Lund A, Wood CL, Lafferty KD, Kuris AM, Hoover CM, Collender PA, Remais J, Lopez-Carr D, DeLeo G. 2017. Nearly 400 million people are at higher risk of schistosomiasis because dams block the migration of snail-eating river prawns. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 372: 20160127. pdf

Young HS, Wood CL, Kilpatrick AM, Lafferty KD, Nunn CL, and Vincent JR. 2017. Conservation, biodiversity, and infectious disease: Scientific evidence and policy implications. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 372: 20160124. pdf

Wood CL and Johnson PTJ. 2016. How does space influence the relationship between host and parasite diversity? Journal of Parasitology 102: 485-94. pdf

  • This paper is Journal of Parasitology’s second most-viewed paper of the year 2016 (see p. 23)
  • Press release

Sokolow SS, Wood CL, Jones IJ, Swartz S, Lopez M, Hsieh M, Lafferty KD, Kuris AM, and DeLeo GA. 2016. Global assessment of schistosomiasis control over the past century shows targeting the snail intermediate host works best. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 10: e0004794. pdf

Johnson PTJ, Wood CLJoseph MB, Preston DL, Haas SE, and Springer Y. 2016. Habitat heterogeneity drives the host-diversity-begets-parasite-diversity relationship: Evidence from experimental and field studies. Ecology Letters 19: 752-61. pdf

Guerra AS, Micheli F, and Wood CL. 2016. Ecology of vulnerable shorebird across a gradient of habitat alteration: Bristle-thighed Curlews (Numenius tahitiensis) (Aves Charadriiformes) on Palmyra Atoll. Pacific Science 70159-74. pdf

Wood CL, Lafferty KD, DeLeo GA, Young HS, Hudson PJ, and Kuris AM. 2016. Does biodiversity protect humans against infectious disease? Reply. Ecology 97: 542-46. pdf

Swartz SJ, DeLeo GA, Wood CL, and Sokolow SH. 2015. Infection with schistosome parasites in snails leads to increased predation by prawns: Implications for human schistosomiasis control. Journal of Experimental Biology 218: 3962-67pdf

Wood CL and Johnson PTJ. 2015. A world without parasites: Exploring the hidden ecology of infection. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 13: 425-34. pdf

  • Tumble Podcast with Carl Zimmer

Wood CL, Baum J, Reddy SMW, Trebilco R, Sandin S, Zgliczynski B, Briggs A, and Micheli F. 2015. Productivity and fishing pressure drive variability in fish parasite assemblages of the Line Islands, equatorial Pacific. Ecology 98: 1383-98. pdf

Wood CL and Lafferty KD. 2015. How have fisheries affected parasite communities? Parasitology 142: 134-44. pdf

Wood CL2014. Environmental change and the ecology of infectious disease. Science 346: 1192pdf

Papastamatiou YP, Wood CL, Bradley DE, McCauley DJ, Pollock AL, and Caselle JE. 2014. First record of the Pacific lemon shark, Negaprion acutidens, in Palmyra Atoll, central Pacific: A recent colonization event? Marine Biodiversity Records 14e114. pdf

Wood CLSandin S, Zgliczynski B, Guerra AS, and Micheli F. 2014. Fishing drives declines in fish parasite diversity and has variable effects on parasite abundance. Ecology 95: 1929-46. pdf

Wood CLLafferty KD, DeLeo G, Young HS, Hudson PJ, and Kuris AM. 2014. Does biodiversity protect humans against infectious disease? Ecology 95: 817-32. pdf

  • Press release by USGS

Wood CL, Micheli F, Fernandez M, Castilla JC, and Carvajal J. 2013. Marine protected areas facilitate parasite populations among four fished host species of central Chile. Journal of Animal Ecology 821276-87. pdf

Lafferty KD and Wood CL. 2013. It’s a myth that protection against disease is a strong and general service of biodiversity conservation: Response to Ostfeld and Keesing. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 28: 503-04. pdf

Young HS, Griffin R, Wood CL, and Nunn C. 2013. Does habitat disturbance increase infectious disease risk for primates? Ecology Letters 16: 656-63. pdf

Wood CL and Lafferty KD. 2013. Biodiversity and disease: A synthesis of ecological perspectives on Lyme disease transmission. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 28: 239-47. pdf

  • Press coverage in NIH’s Environmental Health Perspectives: link and pdf
  • Press coverage in The Chronicle of Higher Education here

Gaither MR, Aeby G, Vignon M, Meguro Y, Runion C, Toonen RJ, Wood CL, Bowen BW. 2013. An invasive fish and the time-lagged spread of its parasite across the Hawaiian archipelago. PLoS One 8: e56940. pdf

Wood CL, Lafferty KD, and Micheli F. 2010. Fishing out marine parasites? Impacts of fishing on rates of parasitism in the ocean. Ecology Letters 13: 761-75. pdf

Wood CL, Byers JE, Cottingham KL, Altman I, Donahue MJ, and Blakeslee AMH. 2007. Parasites alter community structure. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 104: 9335-39. pdf

Book chapters

Wood CL. 2023. Parasites in a changing world. In: Pogliano J, Ed. Undergraduate Biology. Veloxsci Publishing, Inc.

Behringer DC, Wood CL, Krkosek M, and Bushek D. 2020. Disease in fisheries and aquaculture. In press. In: Marine Disease Ecology (Behringer DC, Silliman BR, and Lafferty KD, Eds). Oxford University Press. pp. 183–209.

Micheli F, DeLeo G, Ferretti F, Hines AM, Honey K, Kroeker K, Martone RG, McCauley DJ, O’Leary JK, Rosim D, Sokolow S, Stock A, and Wood CL. 2016. The Health of the Oceans. In: Routledge Handbook of Ocean Resources and Management (Smith HD, Suarez de Vivero JL, and Agardy TS, Eds). Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.

De Leo G and Wood CL. 2012. Disease dynamics. In: Encyclopedia of Theoretical Ecology (A Hastings and L Gross, eds). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. pp. 179-87.